Moodle is a free and open-source learning management system (LMS) written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License. Developed on pedagogical principles, Moodle is used for blended learning, distance education, flipped classroom and other e-learning projects in schools, universities, workplaces and other sectors.
With customizable management features, it is used to create private websites with online courses for educators and trainers to achieve learning goals. Moodle (an acronym for modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment) allows for extending and tailoring learning environments using community-sourced plugins.
Whether you’re a teacher, student or administrator, Moodle can meet your needs. Moodle’s extremely customizable core comes with many standard features. Take a look at a highlight of Moodle’s core features below.
Modern, easy to use interface: Designed to be responsive and accessible, the Moodle interface is easy to navigate on both desktop and mobile devices.
Personalised Dashboard: Display current, past, and future courses, along with tasks due.
Collaborative tools and activities: Work and learn together in forums, wikis, glossaries, database activities, and much more.
- All-in-one calendar: Moodle’s calendar tool helps you keep track of your academic or company calendar, course deadlines, group meetings, and other personal events.
- Convenient file management: Drag and drop files from cloud storage services including MS OneDrive, Dropbox and Google Drive.
- Simple and intuitive text editor: Format text and conveniently add media and images with an editor that works across all web browsers and devices.
- Notifications: When enabled, users can receive automatic alerts on new assignments and deadlines, forum posts and also send private messages to one another.
- Track progress: Educators and learners can track progress and completion with an array of options for tracking individual activities or resources and at the course level.
- Customisable site design and layout: Easily customize a Moodle theme with your logo, color schemes and much more – or simply design your own theme.
- Secure authentication and mass enrolment: Over 50 authentication and enrolment options to add and enroll users to your Moodle site and courses.
- Multilingual capability: Allow users to view course content and learn in their own language, or set it up for multilingual users and organizations
- Bulk course creation and easy backup: Add courses in bulk, back up and restore large courses with ease.
- Manage user roles and permissions: Address security concerns by defining roles to specify and manage user access.
- Supports open standards: Readily import and export IMS-LTI, SCORM courses and more into Moodle.
- Detailed reporting and logs: View and generate reports on activity and participation at the course and site level.
Course Development and Management Features
- Direct learning paths: Design and manage courses to meet various requirements. Classes can be instructor-led, self-paced, blended or entirely online.
- Encourage collaboration: Built-in collaborative publishing features foster engagement and encourages content-driven collaboration.
- Embed external resources: Teach materials and include assignments from other sites and connect to the grade book in Moodle.
- Multimedia Integration: Moodle’s built-in media support enables you to easily search for and insert video and audio files in your courses.
- Group management: Group learners to share courses, differentiate activities and facilitate teamwork.
- Marking workflow: Conveniently assign different markers to assignments, manage grade moderation and control when marks are released to individual learners.
- In-line marking: Easily review and provide in-line feedback by annotating files directly within the browser.
- Peer and self-assessment: Built-in activities such as workshops and surveys encourage learners to view, grade and assess their own and other course members’ work as a group.
- Integrated Badges: Fully compatible with Mozilla Open Badges, motivate learners and reward participation and achievement with customized Badges.
- Outcomes and rubrics: Select from advanced grading methods to tailor the gradebook to your course and examination criteria.
- Competency-based marking: Set up competencies with personal learning plans across courses and activities..
- Security and privacy: Teach and share in a private space only you and your class can access.
E-learning standards support
Moodle has adopted the following e-learning standards:
- Shareable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of E-learning standards and specifications that define communications between client side content and a server-side learning management system, as well as how externally authored content should be packaged in order to integrate with the LMS effectively. There are two versions: SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004. Moodle is SCORM 1.2 compliant and passes all the tests in the ADL Conformance test suite 1.2.7 for SCORM 1.2. SCORM 2004 is not supported in Moodle, however, Rustici Software has a Moodle plugin which can turn any Moodle site into a fully compliant SCORM 2004 LMS.
- The AICC HACP standard for CMI was developed by the Aviation Industry Computer-Based Training Committee (AICC) and is used to call externally authored content and assessment packages. AICC content packages are supported in Moodle 2.1 and later versions.
- IMS Common Cartridge packages can also be imported into Moodle. In addition, Moodle Book activities can be exported as IMS Content Packages.
Learning Tools Interoperability (LTI) is a standard way of integrating rich learning applications (often remotely hosted and provided through third-party services) with educational platforms. Moodle uses the External Tool activity to act as an ‘LTI consumer’ as standard and will act as an ‘LTI provider’ using a plugin.